What is Measles?

Measles is highly contagious viral disease caused by the measles virus.

Transmission of Measles

  • Measles spreads by direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected individuals.
  • It can also be transmitted through the respiratory tract of an infected by droplets spread into the air during coughing or sneezing.

Symptoms of Measles

  • High fever (40°C)
  • Redness and watery eye discharge
  • Skin rash
  • Headache
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Enlarged lymph nodes

It is advisable to seek medical help immediately if you experience any signs or symptoms

High risk groups

  • Immunocompromised individuals
  • Unvaccinated children
  • Unvaccinated pregnant women
  • Unvaccinated adults

Complications of Measles

  • Severe diarrhea
  • Lung infection
  • Blindness
  • Brain infection

Treatment of Measles

There is no specific anti-viral treatment for measles virus. The virus and symptoms typically disappear in about 2 or 3 weeks.

Symptoms and the chance of complications can be reduced by following the doctor's instruction such as:

  • Antipyretic and non- steroidal anti- inflammatory to reduce fever
  • Vitamin A supplements
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Resting to boost the immunity
  • Using humidifier to ease a cough and sore throat

Prevention of Measles

  • The only way to prevent measles is to get the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine starting from the age of 12 months.
  • Your child needs two doses of MMR vaccine for the best protection against Measles.
  • One MMR vaccine provides around 93% protection against measles whereas a second booster helps to improve the effectiveness of the measles vaccine to more than 97%
  • A protective dose of the measles vaccine can be given to children and adults in the in case of an outbreak

If you are not fully vaccinated, consult your physician about your eligibility to get the MMR vaccine

Measles Infographic

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